Venetian finishing plaster is a luxury finish that imitates marble. It is a levelling compound made on the basis of lime. It consists of ground marble particles. Its effectiveness lies in its classic glossy surface that contains different colour transitions. It can be applied in wide colour range on extensive areas as well as on architectural elements.
Merits of the Venetian finishing plaster
Venetian finishing plaster is a technique, not a brand name of a product. Each plaster manufacturer can call his mixture in a different way; for example, a very popular name is Marmorino – it is a Venetian plaster and is currently very popular but includes fewer layers.
Its merits include good air permeability, high resistivity (of course, only after its solidification). When waxed, it is also washable and resistant to environmental influences. The Venetian plaster can instantly attract the attention of visitors, but it can also be used just to emphasise the character and nature of the place. It is not only decorative but also very practical: it does not hold dust ( the alkaline character of the Venetian plaster makes it resistant to mould and algae). It is air-permeable and reflects the work of human hands, which gives it a personal touch.
Venetian plaster is suitable for exterior as well as interior use. It is used both in restoration and reconstruction work. It is also suitable for kitchen and bathroom.
History of the Venetian finishing plaster
Its origin can be traced back to the ancient Rome, where a mixture of lime with crushed marble appeared for the first time. After solidification, this material is resistant to mould as well as to much-discussed moisture. It became popular again during the Renaissance, especially in the Italian city of Venice. Therefore, this finishing is called Venetian plaster. In the last century, the technology underwent significant technological modifications that have facilitated its application – originally a seven-layer finishing plaster became a three-layer.
How to apply Venetian finishing plaster
This marble imitation can be applied to a variety of backgrounds. Rounded corners, columns or other wall curvatures are easily treated. First, the mixture is applied with a stainless steel trowel to create a smooth and homogeneous surface. Additional layers are applied with stainless steel spatulas of different width as well as with stainless smoothers (trowels). Prior to application of another coat, it is necessary to smooth the current surface with sandpaper. The final layer is polished with the spatula’s edge.
The application should be performed only by one skilful craftsman because everyone has his own style, and the surface shows every movement of his hand. Thus, you should well think before the application about the strokes, colour, moisture, in which room the plaster will be realised, etc.